[2] Heinkel had foreseen that an individually engined version of his bomber would someday be preferred, quite unlike the requested fitment of the coupled pairs of Daimler-Benz DB 601 inverted V12 engines, each known as a DB 606 — weighing some 1.5 tonnes apiece — which ended up being fitted to all of the eight He 177 V-series prototypes at the request of the RLM, and the Luftwaffe High Command, with the concerned government agencies citing the desire for a dive-bombing capability to be present even with a heavy-bomber-sized offensive warplane, something Ernst Heinkel vehemently disagreed with. Media in category "Heinkel He 274" This category contains only the following file. Minor difficulties had delayed the flight testing and transfer of the aircraft to Germany, and orders were therefore given to des… From Griehl, Manfred and Dressel, Joachim. Much of this daylight bombing initiative was due to the firmly entrenched American involvement in the war which provided the Allies with massed formations of heavy bombers used to obliterate German targets below. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. Largely unnecessary defensive armament was restricted to a single forward-firing 13 mm (.51 in) caliber MG 131 machine gun and remotely controlled dorsal and ventral Fernbedienbare Drehlafette FDL 131Z gun turrets each containing a pair of MG 131s and with the dorsal turret operated from a slightly offset Plexiglas domed sighting station in the roof of the flight deck as most A-series He 177s were, with the ventral unit aimed from the rear of the ventral Bola gondola. The Heinkel He 274 was a four-engine bomber designed during World War II as a high altitude variant of the Heinkel He 177 for the German Luftwaffe . The Heinkel He 274 was a German heavy bomber design developed during World War II, purpose-designed for high-altitude bombing with pressurized crew accommodation. Height:6.05 m (19 ft 10-3/16 in) 5. Empty weight:21,800 kg (48,060 lb) 7. The Heinkel He 274 was a high altitude bomber developed from the Heinkel He 177, the heaviest bomber to see regular service with the Luftwaffe during the Second World War. Eventually the V2 flew exactly two years (on December 27, 1947) after the AAS 01A. On 17 November 1938, the owner of the Heinkel aviation firm, Ernst Heinkel, requested permission from the RLM that two of the requested eight prototype airframes for the nascent He 177 heavy bomber project, specifically the V3 and V4 airframes, be set aside for a trial installation of four separate Junkers Jumo 211[1] powerplants. Crew:7 2. Heinkel He 274 1945 Developed in substitution for the planned He 177A-4 high-altitude bomber, the Heinkel He 274 was the detail design responsibility of Societe Anonyme des Usines Farman's Suresnes factory in occupied France. This frustrated completion of the French prototypes as the design work in Germany and Austria had been ongoing from as early as February 1943, on what had emerged as the Heinkel-designed entry in the trans-Atlantic range Amerika Bomber strategic heavy bomber design competition, the Heinkel He 277, had been progressing at the Heinkel-Sud facility in Vienna, which had been cancelled by the German Air Ministry back in April 1944. Variants: Heinkel He 277. Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: [3] The aircraft was intended to have a reduced crew manifest of three people, with a fully pressurized nose compartment for the pilot and bombardier/forward gunner, and separate pressurized tail gun emplacement. Heinkel He 177: Variants Heinkel He 274: The Heinkel He 277 was a four-engine, long-range heavy bomber design, originating as a derivative of the He 177, intended for production and use by the German Luftwaffe during World War II. Po vojni so jih dokončali Francozi in jih uporabljali za visokoovišinsko raziskovanje. Heinkel He 177 - 277 - 274. Bombnike so sestavljali Franciji, vendar jih zaradi zavezniškega napredovanja niso dokončali. The significance of this design is that had this aircraft entered production and been used in operations over England it would have been impossible for Allied fighters to intercept over the target, owing to its extreme high altitude performance. Due to the Allied advance through North-west Europe, the prototypes were abandoned at the French factory where they were being built. 4 x Daimler-Benz DB603A 12-cylinder inverted-Vee engines developing 1,750 horsepower each driving three-bladed propeller units. General characteristics 1. The He 274 V1 was being readied for flight testing at Suresnes in July 1944 when the approach of Allied forces necessitated the evacuation of Heinkel personnel working on the project. (Showcased performance values pertain to the, (Showcased armament details pertain to the. 3/1/2019 The new version was soon entering production, with the first bomber squadron operational in May 1944, just before D-Day. By this time, the AAS organization had been absorbed into the French SNCASO (Société nationale des constructions aéronautiques du sud-ouest, or commonly, Sud-Ouest) aviation conglomerate. Gunston, Bill & Wood, Tony. The powerplants selected were the same type of Daimler-Benz DB 603A Kraftei "power-egg" unitized engine installations, complete with their He 219-style annular radiators that were placed on the wings of the quartet of ordered He 177B prototypes, but for the He 274's use, added DVL-designed TK 11 turbochargers, one per engine, for better power output at high altitude. The Heinkel He 274 was a German Luftwaffe heavy bomber developed during World War II, purpose-designed for high-altitude bombing with pressurized crew accommodation. Heinkel He 178 Fighting Plane Luftwaffe First World Airplane Wwii Planes Fighter Jets Pilot. The He 274 V2 was eventually completed as the AAS 01B, complete with the Hirth 2291 turbochargers. The straight-edged mainplanes were set ahead of midships, noticeably tapering towards their tips, and each held leading edge-installed engine nacelles. Griehl, Manfred; Dressel, Joachim (1998). This topic is categorised under: Aircraft » Propeller » Heinkel He 274 Self-defensive armament constituted a pair of remotely-operated turrets, one fitted dorsally and the other ventrally, and each was to be armed through 2 x 13mm MG131 machine guns. The main difference was in its engines. The newsfeed doesn't contain any items. Heinkel He 274. Heinkel He 274 V-1 (Q6U9Z9G67) by wwwitalik on Shapeways. The Heinkel He 274 was a German heavy bomber design developed during World War II, purpose-designed for high-altitude bombing with pressurized crew accommodation. The company had designed a relatively small, 'sporty'-looking aircraft, with a sleek, streamlined fuselage. The Heinkel He 274 was a German heavy bomber design developed during World War II, purpose-designed for high-altitude bombing with pressurized crew accommodation. He 177 A-5. The Heinkel He 219 Uhu ("Eagle-Owl") is a night fighter that served with the German Luftwaffe in the later stages of World War II.A relatively sophisticated design, the He 219 possessed a variety of innovations, including Lichtenstein SN-2 advanced VHF-band intercept radar, also used on the Ju 88G and Bf 110G night fighters. [5] The He 274 also featured a pressurized compartment for a crew of four, this employing double walls of heavy-gauge alloy, hollow sandwich-type glazing and inflatable rubber seals, a pressure equivalent to that at 2,500 m (8,200 ft) being maintained at high altitude. [12] The Leduc 0.10 and Leduc 0.16 also each had their first aerial tests from atop the pair of surviving He 274 prototypes. More about the Heinkel He 274 propellers. Heinkel He 177-277-274, Airlife Publishing, Shrewsbury, England 1998. 3 people found this helpful AbeBooks.com: Heinkel: He 177, 277, 274 (9781853103643) by Griehl, Manfred; Dressel, Joachim and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at great prices. He 177 ancestry. By April 1939, interest in developing a high-altitude version of the He 177 had arisen, and on April 27, 1939, the first proposal for such an aircraft was presented to Heinkel by his firm's engineering staff. 7. The Heinkel He 274-page contains all related products, articles, books, walkarounds and plastic scale modeling projects dedicated to this aircraft.. Due to the Allied advance through North-west Europe, the prototypes were abandoned at the French factory where they were being built. Due to the bombers expected high-altitude traveling, it was decided to limit gun/cannon armament. Length:23.00 m (75 ft 5 in) 3. Zgrajena sta bila samo dva prototipa. by GRIEHL, Manfred und DRESSEL, Joachim: and a great selection of related books, … Work on the requested half-dozen He 274 prototype airframes was leveraged off Heinkel aircraft production at AIA Breuget, Toulouse where French factories produced Heinkel components and Junkers aero engines. The Heinkel firm had been working on practical cockpit pressurization methods and hardware for both the A-2, and slightly later A-4 versions (identical to the A-2, except for the fitting of a pair of the later DB 610 coupled engine "power systems") from 1940 through the late summer of 1941, when the DB 610-powered A-4's pressurized cockpit in provisional form, almost identical in external appearance to the standard "Cabin 3" He 177A-series production cockpit, was ready for tests and development. Heinkel He 274 Walk-Around With its extremely slim and cylindrical fuselage, the nose was heavily glazed-over with the tail section tapering and capped by a twin-rudder configuration. The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. Farman at Suresnes, began their prototype development. Articles with unsourced statements from April 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, List of World War II military aircraft of Germany, List of WW2 Luftwaffe aircraft prototype projects, "Lexikon der Wehrmacht - Heinkel He 177, He 177B-Reihe", http://www.lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de/Waffen/He177.htm, Type 2 Single-seat Reconnaissance Seaplane, Heinkel Three-seat Reconnaissance Seaplane, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Heinkel_He_274?oldid=4788698. Only minor damage was actually done to the airframe of the He 274 V1, and repairs were begun after the Allied occupation. Construction of the two prototypes, the He 274 V1 and V2 did not commence until 1943. The Heinkel He 274 was a German heavy bomber design developed during World War II, purpose-designed for high-altitude bombing with pressurized crew accommodation. Heinkel He 274 je bil štirimotorni propelerski težki bombnik, ki so ga razvili v nacistični Nemčiji med 2. svetovno vojno. French production facilities at Toulouse for Heinkel aircraft were severely damaged by Royal Air Force(RAF) air raids on the night of 5/6 March 1944 and again by the US Eighth Air Force on 25 June 1944. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Heinkel He 274 byl německý těžký bombardovací letoun vyvinutý během druhé světové války, určený pro bombardování z velkých výšek a vybavený přetlakovou kabinou posádky. | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com. Minor difficulties had delayed the flight testing and transfer of the aircraft to Germany, and orders were therefore given to destroy the virtually completed prototype. The "Typenblatt" drawings for the never-completed He 277, with a heavy design influence for the fuselage's geometry from the smaller Heinkel He 219 night fighter, however show[10] that it had also adopted many features from the He 274, especially its twin tail empennage design. Developed in substitution for the planned He-177 A-4 high-altitude bomber, the Heinkel He 274 might have been the perfect German WW2 Heavy bomber. The He 274 V1 was being readied for flight testing at Suresnes in July 1944 when the approach of Allied forces necessitated the evacuation of Heinkel personnel working on the project. Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted. These proposed aircraft were shortly thereafter officially given the project number 8-274 by the RLM, and due to the heavily preoccupied Heinkel factory design offices and aircraft manufacturing facilities, this new "He 274" high-altitude bomber was to have its prototypes built in France by the Societe des Usines Farman (Farman Brothers) in Suresnes. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. The result, in December 1940, was the specification for the He 177A-2 high altitude bomber design, with a four-person crew manifest (pilot, bombardier, forward gunner and tail gunner) in the two specified pressurized compartments, and powered by the regular A-series pair of DB 606 coupled engines. Heinkel He 274. Main production series, 826 built. Additionally, there was a single 13mm MG151 machine gun to be carried in the nose. Originally designated He 177 A-4, the He 274 was a high-altitude development of the He 177. Powerplant: 4× BMW 801E14-cylinder, twin row-radial engine, 1,492 kW (1,973 hp for takeoff) each 9. maximum of 16,950 litr… All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Due to the Allied advance through North-west Europe, the prototypes were abandoned at … The defensive armament had been reduced to a trio of Ferngesteuert-Lafette FL 81Z remote gun turrets, each with a twin-barrel MG 81 armament installation each in an upper nose mount, forward dorsal and (as part of the Bola casemate-style gondola under the nose) forward ventral location each, and a single MG 131 machine gun in an He 177A-1-style, pressurized manned flexible tailgun emplacement. The first proposal for what would become the He 274 started with six airframe orders for what had been known as the He 177H,[9] which were requested from Heinkel as early as mid-October 1941, all to have four individual engines, and intended to use what were essentially production He 177A-3 fuselages mated to longer-wingspan, four-engined wings. Wingspan:40.00 m (131 ft 3 in) 4. Newsfeed. The He 274 V1 was repaired by Ateliers Aéronautiques de Suresnes (AAS) and used by the Armée de l'Air (French Air Force) for several years as a high-altitude research plane. They were to have been built in France by SAUF at Suresnes, France, but the prototypes were not completed in time. [11] Both of the AAS 01 completed and airworthy versions of the He 274 were eventually broken up in late 1953, after serving as "mother ships" for aerial launching, in the manner of a composite or parasite aircraft, of a number of early French advanced jet and rocket test aircraft like the unpowered Sud-Ouest SO.4000 M.1, almost always launched from a strut-braced, above-fuselage position. But the Heinkel Company soon developed the He 274 A-2, a 12000km long-range bomber, using many components from the previous He 274 design and capable of becoming operational in just a few months. They were to have been built in France by SAUF at Suresnes, France, but the prototypes were not completed in time. By October 1941, a more developed "He 177H" specification for a high-altitude Heinkel-designed heavy bomber[6] had emerged from the proposed A-2 and A-4 coupled-engine designs, with the intent of carrying a 2,000 kg (4,410 lb) bombload over a maximum range of some 3,000 km (1,895 mi), and accepted by the RLM for the first time, an individual four-engine installation was being considered for any He 177-based bomber airframe, with a quartet of either BMW 801 or DB 603 engines among the choices of powerplants being specified, with the same sort of reduced-armament defensive weapon format as the A-2 and A-4 were intended to have. ISBN 1-85310-364-0. Work began on the He 274 in 1941, under the designation He 177H. Learn more before you buy, or discover other cool products in Aircraft. The Heinkel He 274 was a German heavy bomber design developed during World War II, purpose-designed for high-altitude bombing with pressurized crew accommodation. Proposed high altitude pressurised version, never built under the designation, and later developed into the Heinkel He 274. 159 & 184. Towards the end of World War 2 (1939-1945), German territory had shrunk by epic proportions and the war had definitively turned against the former conqueror. Due to the Allied advance through North-west Europe, the prototypes were abandoned at … War industry and infrastructure were being devastated with each passing day as the Allied bombardment of all-things-Axis went on without pause. (The German language edition of this book bears the title "Heinkel He 177-277-274: Eine luftfahrtgeschichtliche Dokumentation", and was published in 1989, as most likely the "original" version of this reviewed English-language version of it - the earlier German edition bears the "longer ISBN number" of 978-3613012998.) Construction of the two prototypes, the He 274 V1 and V2 did not commence until 1943. Při rychlém spojeneckém postupu přes severozápadní Evropu po vylodění v Normandii zůstaly prototypy ve francouzské továrně, kde byly postaveny. Heinkel He 274 là một loại máy bay ném bom hạng nặng của Đức Quốc xã được phát triển trong Thế chiến thứ hai. Two He 274 prototypes were ordered built in France by the Farman Brothers and four pre-production prototypes by the Heinkel's Heinkel-Nord headquarters at its Rostock-Marienehe (today's Rostock-Schmarl) facility. Heinkel He 274 Heinkel He 277 là một bản thiết kế máy bay ném bom hạng nặng tầm xa 4 động cơ, được bắt nguồn từ loại He 177 , dự định trang bị cho Luftwaffe trong Thế chiến thứ hai . Due to the Allied advance through Northwest Europe, the prototypes were … The Heinkel He 274 was a German Luftwaffe heavy bomber developed during World War II, purpose-designed for high-altitude bombing with pressurized crew accommodation. In February 1943, any further work on the coupled-engined A-2 and A-4 designs was halted by order of the RLM, as the four-engined He 177H high-altitude design had gained in importance from that time, evidenced by Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring's derisive "welded-together engines" complaints in August 1942, regarding the He 177 A-series unending engine problems from the choice of the DB 606 and 610 "power systems" for the A-series operational aircraft. (The German language edition of this book bears the title "Heinkel He 177-277-274: Eine luftfahrtgeschichtliche Dokumentation", and was published in 1989, as most likely the "original" version of this reviewed English-language version of it - the earlier German edition bears the "longer ISBN number" of 978-3613012998.) * Ribbons not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Major differences between the He 274 and the He 177 A were abandonment of the twin coupled "power system" engine arrangement in favor of four independent DB 603A-2 engine units, cooled by annular radiators nearly identical in appearance to those on the similarly-powered Heinkel He 219 night fighter, an extended rear fuselage with a pressurized double glazed cockpit of nearly identical external appearance to the 177A's standard "Cabin 3" nose, longer wingspan, a twin tail fin empennage and a more conventional set of twin-wheel main undercarriage, abandoning the cumbersome four-strut main gear system of the He 177A. In conjunction with his request for help from then-Generalmajor Eccard Freiherr von Gablenz in May 1942 concerning the suitability of aircraft for the Amerika Bomber contract competition as that proposal first appeared, Generalfeldmarschall Erhard Milch also received von Gablenz's opinion on both the He 177 and its He 274 development, with von Gablenz stating that neither of the then-existing Heinkel "heavy bomber" designs had anywhere near the range to conduct a mission approaching the demands of the new contract. Heinkel won the competition with the He 162, which entered service in early 1945. Saved by Акимов Сергей. Standardized on the A-3's longer rear fuselage, strengthened wing, shortened undercarriage oleo legs, ETC 2000/XII wing racks and an increase in maximum external load. Wing area:133.00 m² (1,431.60 ft²) 6. Heinkel He 177-277-274, Airlife Publishing, Shrewsbury, England 1998, pp. Eine luftfahrtgeschichtliche Dokumentation. O Heinkel He 274 foi um bombardeiro pesado alemão quadrimotor [1] criado pela Heinkel, na Alemanha, durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial.Foi concebido para voar a altas altitudes, aspecto que fazia dele um bombardeiro com fuselagem pressurizada. [7], A pair of the early He 177A-0 pre-production prototypes were redesignated the He 177 V10 and V11 for the purposes of high-altitude trials, and were to be the first to test the A-4 pattern pressurized cockpit design at altitude, but only the V11 was actively used for the needed research, and managed to achieve an altitude of 9,200 m (30,200 ft) with complete success on August 9, 1943, with further tests continuing through October of that year, before both the V10 and V11 were grounded in April 1944.[8]. They were completed after the war by the French and used for high-altitude research. It was renamed the AAS 01A. [4] The A-2 version had even been considered for a pioneering in-flight refueling capability, possibly using Ju 290 maritime patrol aircraft as the tankers - with such capability, the range of the A-2 would have been extendable to some 9,500 km (5,900 mi) of total flight distance. France (post-war); Nazi Germany (cancelled). Like the He 277, the He 274 dispensed with coupled engines and mounted four single powerplants. [13] The slightly less powerful, French designed four-engined SNCASE SE.161 Languedoc airliner design took over this "mother ship" role later in the 1950s, for further air launch duties with French high-speed aerodynamic research prototypes. Max takeoff weight:44,500 kg (98,105 lb) 8. 177 A-4, the He 277, the prototypes were abandoned at the French and used high-altitude... Fighting Plane Luftwaffe first World Airplane Wwii Planes Fighter Jets Pilot ft in! The French factory where they were completed after the War by the French factory where they were have! 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