The ship’s conversion was however suspended after V-J Day. Pages with broken file links, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Hospital ships, World War II casualties List of hospital ships sunk in World War II Edit 1942. Ships Home. The ship was a genuine ‘floating’ Hospital. 11 Dec 44 – WDGO 19 dated 24 Mar 45, US Army Hospital Ship ‘USAHS Ernestine Koranda’, ex-Dorothy Luckenbach, built 1919 (former cargo ship) – 12 knots – 722 patients – New York > United Kingdom 13 Apr 45 – named after Army Nurse (decommissioned 9 Oct 46) a total numberof 88. USS Hope (AH-7) was one of three Comfort-class hospital ships. The Pearl Harbor Visitors Bureau is not affiliated, associated, authorized, endorsed by, or in any way officially connected with the Pearl Harbor Visitor Center, World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument, National Park Service, or U.S. Department of the Interior. 2002. Buchanan, Margaret S. Reminiscing: An Account of the 300th Army General Hospital in WWII. The JCS then decided to provide 3 vessels through the Maritime Commission to the Army, for conversion to Hospital Ships. So if you are looking for a particular ship or unit, you will have to use the FIND function in your browser. 1941. Read more: https://www.med-dept.com/articles/ww2-hospital-ships/. Voyage assignments were made by the Chief of Transportation in accordance with reports and lists of patients awaiting evacuation, and estimates of casualties likely to result from impending military operations. An updated version of T/O & E 8-537 followed 3 March 1945. Equipment varied according to the size of the complement, and generally included basic unit equipment and 0 to 4 expansion units (based on a 100-bed capacity). 3 May 43 – WDGO 27 dated 3 Jun 43, US Army Hospital Ship ‘USAHS Acadia’, built 1932 (former East coast passenger ship) – 18 knots – 787 patients – New York > N. Africa 5 Jun 43 – 204th Med Hosp Ship Co (decommissioned 11 Feb 46) Army hospital ships in World War II. Originally a Liberty Ship, the St. Olaf was converted in 1942 in Boston on behalf of the US Army Transportation Service (USAT). John returned to New Zealand on the hospital ship Maunganui. From rusting ships in lush green jungle to tanks in crystal clear ocean: Amazing aerial photos show WWII wrecks in watery graves off remote Pacific Ocean tropical islands They didn't have to, as after 82 days of warfare on Okinawa, the Pacific War would come to a close with the bombings of Nagasaki and Hiroshima. WW2 Hospital Ships USS Comfort, AH-6, patient capacity 400, entered service in May 44, US Navy-built and operated Hospital Ship, off Los Angeles Harbor, California. White-hulled and Red Cross-marked hospital ships were used in World War II to transport large numbers of wounded or sick patients to higher echelons of medical care. The IJN also captured and subsequently employed a former Dutch hospital ship. Commissioned 9 Aug 41 – US Navy Hospital Ship AH-5 ‘USS Solace’, ex-Iroquois, built 1926 (former passenger ship) – 18 knots – 450 patients – New York > Pacific 1 Sep 41 (was at Pearl Harbor 7 Dec 41, decommissioned 27 Mar 46) He married the love of his life Joan A. The boat sank after it was bombed in a … North Africa, Italy, 66 th SH, 15 EH. Australian hospital ships were manned by Merchant Navy crews. 27 January 1942. AH-13 Benevolence, 800-bed floating Hospital operated by the Navy (sister ship of the AH-12 Haven) in the Pacific Theater. Of the 54 PCERs ordered, 13 were laid down, 12 were commissioned, and 5 saw service as rescue ships (PCER - Patrol Craft Escort Rescue). 8 May 43 – WDGO 27 dated 3 Jun 43, US Army Hospital Ship ‘USAHS Seminole’, built 1925 (former East coast passenger ship) – 14 knots – 454 patients – New York > N. Africa 20 Sep 43 (decommissioned 7 Jan 46) U.S. Army Hospital Ship (USAHS) Charles A. Stafford, a converted transport, was in service as a hospital ship after its conversion in September 1944. National Archives Identifier: 305206 Title: State Summary of War Casualties from World War II for Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard Personnel from Michigan, 1946 Creator: Department of the Navy. 20 Apr 44 – WDGO 43 dated 29 May 44, US Army Hospital Ship ‘USAHS Blanche F. Sigman’, ex-Stanford White, built 1943 (former Liberty ship) – 11 knots – 590 patients – New York > United Kingdom 7 Jul 44 – 220th Med Hosp Ship Co – named after Army Nurse KIA at Anzio Beachhead (decommissioned 24 May 46) (Mercy, Relief, Samaritan) Cargo Ships (AK) --named for astronomical bodies (Sirius, Capella) and counties of … It was decommissioned by WDGO No. Hathaway. Continued deliberations, additional requirements, lack of decisions, took their toll, and not much happened. The BPF did not begin to come into focus until the August 1943 Quadrant Conference of Allied leaders in Quebec. They also served for evacuation of patients from forward to rear bases in the MTO and PTO Theaters. 10 December 1941. Patient Capacity – 194 Litter, 228 Ambulatory. (following Hospital Ship Platoons have been identified: 1st – 2d – 3d – 4th – 5th – 6th – 7th – 8th – 9th – 10th – 11th – 15th – 16th – 23d – 26th – 27th – 28th – 29th – 30th – 31st – 32d – 33d – 34th – 35th – 36th – 37th – 38th – 40th – 451st – 452d – 453d – 454th – 466th – 468th – 481st – 485th – 487th – 504th – 506th – 511th – 512th – 520th – 521st – 524th – 528th – 531st – 532d – 533d – 534th – 537th – 539th – 540th – 541st – 542d – 543d – 544th – 546th – 547th – 548th – 549th – 550th – 553d – 554th – 556th – 557th – 558th – 559th – 560th – 562d – 564th – 565th – 568th – 571st – 573d – 576th – 578th – 581st – 584th – 585th – 593d – 597th – 598th – 599th – 601st – 606th – 608th – 609th – 618th – 619th – 620th – 621st – 622d – 623d – 624th – 627th – 630th – 642d – 643d –644th – 647th – 648th – 650th – 663d – 664th – 674th – 675th – 681st – 690th – 697th – 704th – 710th – 712th – 716th – 719th – 733d – 738th – 739th – 748th – 759th – 778th – 785th – 788th – 808th – 821st – 824th – 830th – 832d – 848th – 872d – 874th – 882d – 885th – 905th – 920th – 923d – 926th – 927th – 930th – 975th – 987th). They not only served to supplement medical units currently operating aboard ships, but were often temporarily assigned to Army Hospitals in different Theaters. In May 1942, it was decided to use cargo ship hulls and convert them into Hospital Ships. Commissioned 1 March 44 – US Navy Hospital Ship AH-10 ‘USS Samaritan’, ex-Chaumont, built 1920 (former troopship) – 14 ½ knots – 394 patients – Seattle > Pacific 8 Mar 44 (decommissioned 29 Aug 46) He was very proud to be a WWII veteran. Each ship's hospital was composed of 65 beds, a surgical suite, and X-Ray faciliti… 12 Officers – 35 Nurses – 1 Warrant Officer – 1 Master Sergeant – 1 First Sergeant – 3 Technical Sergeants – 3 Staff Sergeants – 3 Sergeants – 1 Corporal – and 87 Technicians, i.e. Personnel – 5 Officers, 5 Nurses, 49 Enlisted Men (this vessel had ANC Nurses on board, and was active at Utah Beach from 7 June onward, it sailed for Southampton on 9 June with 450 patients) Since no American Hospital Ships were available to SHAEF for evacuation operations in the European Theater, Great Britain provided the necessary assistance during the D-Day landings. 27-28 February 1942. After extensive refitting and shakedown, the ship left San Diego with destination the Pacific Theater, where it took part in the WW2 numerous campaigns. 22 Feb 44 – WD GO 25 dated 27 Mar 44, US Army Hospital Ship ‘USAHS St. Mihiel’, built 1920 (former troopship) – 16 knots – 504 patients – Boston > N. Africa 10 May 44 (decommissioned 21 Mar 46) July 1942 Through August 1944 August 1944 Through January 1946 Orthopedic Surgery. Our ship rammed the rear end of the destroyer and put about a 6-foot rip in our bow. All instruments for major surgery, such as operating tables, lamps, autoclaves, inhalation, intravenous, and anesthesia facilities, skeletal tractions, gowns, and masks were stocked on board. 41 dated 23 May 45. He married the love of his life Joan A. The Navy nurses participated in WWII throughout the Pacific theater and in Europe, as well as stateside. USS Solace was decommissioned in March of 1946, and struck from the Naval Vessel Register on May 21st. The HS Awa Maru was … Commissioned 27 Nov 42 – US Navy Evacuation Transport APH-2 ‘USS Pinkney’, ex-Alcoa Corsair, C 2-S1-A1 hull built in 1941 – 18 knots – San Francisco > Pacific 8 Dec 42 (decommissioned 9 Sep 46) She later successfully traveled to China in 1947, receiving, treating, and transferring numerous patients for return to the States. Burrell, Prudence Burns. Regulations were changed in many respects, but finally basic responsibilities were set up: Army Hospitalization and Evacuation were under the general direction of the Commanding General, Army Service Forces (ASF), while The Surgeon General was directly responsible for coordination and completion of evacuation plans and control of bed capacity in ZI General Hospitals, and for making available medical personnel, equipment and supplies for the care of patients, and the Chief of Transportation was responsible for providing adequate shipping (and rail) facilities, scheduling and operating the ships, debarking of patients at US ports, and transfer of patients to either Hospital Trains or Ambulances. The design dated to November 1941, when a British delegation to the United States asked for 200 ships and 400 craft capable of bringing tanks ashore. Wrecked Japanese Carriers, Lost in WWII, Are Found in Pacific Depths. Commissioned 30 Sep 42 – US Navy Evacuation Transport APH-1 ‘USS Tryon’, ex-Alcoa Courier, C 2-S1-A1 hull built in 1941- 18 knots – San Francisco > Pacific 10 Oct 42 (decommissioned 20 Mar 46) Our offices are closed due to the stay-at-home orders by the State of Hawaii. The 24 US Army-operated Hospital Ships made their first journey to the transatlantic Theaters in 1943, later, some were transferred to the Pacific, while others were decommissioned, no longer being needed for evacuation of patients from the European Theater. During an operation at Leyte on December 3rd, 1944, Hope came under attack by a Japanese torpedo plane. AG-16 Utah. We apologize for any inconvenience. During the Invasion of Sicily, both the ‘USAHS Acadia’ and ‘USAHS Seminole’ were on call, with additional support from British Hospital Ships and Carriers, while evacuation from the beaches was again handled by LST. Colonel Clifford H. Arnold, MC, was ordered to organize the ship’s medical complement. Ammunition Ships (AE) --words which are suggestive of fire and explosives; and names of volcanoes. Before becoming a hospital ship in 1944, she served as a transport vessel, USS Kenmore (AP-62). Notes: Entering Pearl Harbor. Please stay healthy. Local Commanders of the different Service Commands, staffed and operated the Hospital Cars and Ambulances, used for removal of patients from ports of entry and transportation to the ZI Hospitals. Name Image Nationality Date Location of wreck Cause Lives lost Note HS Andros: Greece 23 April 1941: At Loutraki (West of the Corinth Canal) Sunk by Italian aircraft ? In 1942, mental and litter patients only traveled on British or Canadian Hospital Ships, as the United States had no such vessels at their disposal. Image: 80-G-304854: Battle for Iwo Jima, February-March 1945. AT-13 Ontario . We hope to see you soon. In June 1804, a small vessel, in fact a 6-foot ketch named ‘Intrepid’ was fitted as a floating Hospital to receive sick and wounded for medical treatment. Except for 560 patients taken out on assault transports (APAs), the other casualties evacuated by sea traveled on either LSTs or British Hospital Carriers. Between 6 > 22 June 1944, over 6,000 wounded disembarked at Southampton. The list below identifies newly-built Army Hospital Ships and/or converted vessels. reunited at sea. The top-secret mission. In the foreground is the destroyer HMS Wessex. And also The History about the Ferro-Concrete Ships in Europe dating back to experiments with a rowboat in 1856. The Athenian Navy had a ship named Therapia, and the Roman Navy had a ship named Aesculapius, their names indicating that they may have been hospital ships.. 24 Feb 44 – WDGO 35 dated 25 Apr 44, US Army Hospital Ship ‘USAHS Marigold’, ex-President Fillmore, built 1920 (former transoceanic passenger ship) – 12 knots – 758 patients – Charleston > Italy 19 Jul 44 – 212th Med Hosp Ship Co (decommissioned 22 Jul 46) This global conflict split the majority of the world's nations into two opposing military alliances. USS Hope was decommissioned on May 9th, 1946. Personnel often received on-the-job training and/or temporarily assisted Army medical units prior to a more definite assignment. You may quote material on this web page as long as you cite American Merchant Marine at War, www.usmm.org, as the source. Miscellaneous Auxiliaries. The Navy in the Pacific, durning WW2 my Grandpa’s brothers Naval ship. After the war he work for the family business and ran that business until retirement. The next day the Relief arrived along with the [hospital ship] Comfort (AH-6). Note: another Hospital Ship was the ‘USAHS Howard A. McCurdy’ (named after the first DC Officer killed in this war –ed), ex-President Tyler, built in 1920, and converted in Boston, Massachusetts. Although cold, damp, and unprotected by the Geneva Convention, the ships clearly demonstrated their effectiveness for moving casualties. Part 2 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U8-tShnWSyYPart 3 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eOKBMdA-N-E Commissioned 15 Aug 44 – US Navy Hospital Ship AH-7 ‘USS Hope’, ex-C 1-B freighter hull, built 1943 – 15 ½ knots – 400 patients – Wilmington > Southwest Pacific 23 Sep 44 – 215th Med Hosp Ship Co (decommissioned 9 May 46, transferred to US Army where it remained in custody from 1946 to 1950) 3 Feb 44 – WDGO 40 dated 17 May 44, US Army Hospital Ship ’USAHS Dogwood‘ ex-George W. Carver, built 1943 (former Liberty ship) – 11 knots – 592 patients – New York > United Kingdom 21 Jul 44 – 218th Med Hosp Ship Co (decommissioned 25 Jan 46) View of berth 64 at Leghorn, Italy. The very first official Hospital Ship was a converted six-wheeler vessel, called ‘Red Rover’ which was commissioned on December 26, 1862. 7 Dec 1941 - 31 Dec 1946 was 4,183,466 (390,037 officers and 3,793,429 enlisted) 3. Prescriptions, balance, mortar and pestle, graduates, pharmacy, centrifuge, microscope, incubator, refrigerator, dental equipment, laboratory equipment, typewriters, safes, tables, chairs, washing machines, laundry equipment, medical library, drugs, dressings, linen, pajamas, food trays, hot plates, ward cases, bed cradles, medicine cabinets, were all available, except motor vehicles. When armed conflict takes place on land, medics can rush to a wounded soldier’s aid, and transport him to a field hospital if necessary. One such particular case took place in North Africa. View of British Hospital Carrier “Prague”, during one of its cross-Channel evacuation runs. Battle off Endau. As they were armed, they were not protected by the Geneva Convention. At the beginning of the Second World War, the Japanese Navy (or, in the Japanese language, Nihon Kaigun, or even Teikoku Kaigun, the Imperial Navy) was arguably the most powerful navy in the world.Its naval aviation corps, consisting of 10 aircraft carriers and 1500 topnotch aviators, was the most highly trained and proficient force of its kind. Operations began soon after D-Day, with the carriers shuttling between Southampton and the Normandy beachheads. AH-10 Samaritan, converted troopship, 394-patients Hospital Ship operated by the Navy. Standard displacement was largely a creation of the naval disarmament treaties, since it was the measure used to determine if a warship was within the negotiated tonnage limits. The ship was in Pearl Harbor during the Japanese attack on 7 December 1941, but remained unharmed. Studies and numerous discussions with Army and Navy representatives took place, doctrines and policies differed a lot. Inside view of LST deck modified to hold litter patients. Harold Bray, Seaman Second Class, Repair Division: The ship was looking good—new paint, some new guns.It was a very exciting time for this old country boy. During the Great War, Hospital Ships were mainly engaged in transport of sick and wounded military personnel from the Theaters of Operations to Hospital facilities at home. The USS Comfort, AH-6 (21 Jun 44 – 19 Apr 46) arrives at Hollandia, New Guinea, Dec 44. The Battle of Okinawa was her last taste of war before she was decommissioned on June 25th, 1946 and sold for scrap in January of 1948. Her service took her to Brisbane, Australia and Hollandia, New Guinea, where she assisted a major Army hospital. She assisted with the wounded during the Battle of Okinawa, ferrying soldiers even as Japanese kamikaze flew overhead. WW2 Military Hospitals. Nevertheless, the Axis Powers Page 14 Flight nurse attends a wounded soldier being evacuated by air from the 57th Field Hospital in Prestwick, Scotland, 1944. Ambulatory patients to be returned to the ZI, and who could care for themselves, crossed the Atlantic on returning American Troopships OR British fast liners such as the ‘Queen Mary’ or the ‘Queen Elizabeth’! The … Within a year, she was renamed SS President Garfield and, eight years later, SS President Madison. The three Navy ships staffed by the Army served in the Pacific during WWII, while 24 Army ships served first in Atlantic Theaters, with some later being transferred to the Pacific, while others were decommissioned when no longer being needed for evacuation of patients from the European Theater. A US Hospital Ship arrives at Charleston, South Carolina, with a load of patients evacuated from overseas Theaters. We picked up 30-something survivors, and we took them to a hospital ship … Commissioned 24 Feb 44 – US Navy Hospital Ship AH-11 ‘USS Refuge’, ex-Kenmore, built 1921 (former passenger ship) – 11 ½ knots – 626 patients – Hampton Roads > Pacific 1 Dec 42 (decommissioned 2 Apr 46) Publication date 1944 Usage Public Domain Mark 1.0 Topics United States. For the next two years, Bountiful operated out of Honolulu and sailed to Saipan, the Marianas Islands, Yokosuka, Japan, and eventually assisted with the Iwo Jima invasion. In April 1945 while en route to Saipan with patients on board, a Japanese kamikaze attacked the USS Comfort. Three days later, another Japanese warplane attempted to bomb her. Required fields are marked *. Commissioned into service on August 7th, 1944, USS Mercy was the third of the Comfort-class of hospital ships. It was to be unarmed and registered with both friendly and enemy powers, in accordance with the provisions of the 1907 Hague Convention. (Pyro, Nitro, Lessen) Hospital Ships (AH) --logical and euphonious words. After the war had ended in Europe, a number of Hospital Ships were transferred to the Pacific for further service. After participating in Operation Crossroads, she was decommissioned for the last time on September 13th, 1946. 17 January 1941. 19-20 February 1942 . a Navy Corpsman is trying to keep them comfortable. This copy inscribed "To Captain Roddis with sincere appreciation for a friendship which has lasted for 23 years, Jack C. Norris, Comdr, Nov 17/45 T/O 8-538 dated 27 October 1942 gave following numbers, 9 Officers – 20 Nurses – 1 Warrant Officer – 76 Enlisted Men, representing an aggregate of 106 people (capacity 500 patients). USS Comfort joined the war in the Pacific in 1944, the first of a new class of hospital ships. This particular issue authorized a total strength of 14 Officers – 1 Warrant Officer – 34 Nurses – and 135 Enlisted Men. Different units aboard are separated by semi-colons (;). This particular Hospital Ship operated in North Africa (1943) and Southern France (1944). Evacuation from the Anzio Beachhead took place by LST to offshore British and American Hospital Ships and Carriers too. Sure enough, the Web does have a reference to the concrete oil barges: Concrete Ship Constructors of National City with photo. The Officer made his last trip on the USAHS “Acadia” before resuming his duties as CO of the 233d Medical Hospital Ship Complement, some time around May-June 1945. (State Library of Victoria) Operations. In North Africa, only British Hospital Ships were involved at first, as no American Hospital Ships were yet available, and transfer from shore to ship, was handled with help of LSTs. The British relied on Hospital Trains to transport the wounded from the wharves to the transit hospitals, whereas the Americans mainly used ambulances for the first stage of land evacuation. In December 1944 the vessel was attached to the Service Force, 7th Fleet, and started operating in the Pacific Theater. After her conversion into a hospital ship in March of 1944, she was recommissioned USS Samaritan and given a new hull designation. The ships served three missions: damage control / firefighting; casualty treatment / evacuation; and patrol / guardship. Her career was however not over, she was re-converted to a transport ship reverting to her old name ‘USAT Saturnia’ and was used to bring back troops and war brides from Europe to the United States. The casualties that were not, or could not be evacuated by LST, crossed the Channel on 4 British Hospital Carriers, i.e. USS Refuge was first launched in 1921 under the name SS Blue Hen State. Too Close for Comfort by Dale P. Harper Trafford Publishing, 2001, 149 pages. converted ferries and coastal steamers, painted white and bearing Red Crosses (for Geneva Convention protection) which shuttled between Southampton and Utah or Omaha Beaches – they were the ‘Dinard’ (patient capacity 208), the ‘Naushon’ (patient capacity 300), the ‘Lady Connaught’ (patient capacity 341), and the ‘Prague’ (patient capacity 422). Most of the records date between 1941 and 1946. A Medical Hospital Ship Platoon (Separate) as per T/O 8-534 dated 21 December 1942 only consisted of 5 Officers – 10 Nurses – and 40 Enlisted Men. The Francis Y. Slanger had a bed capacity of 1,628 patients and a speed of 19 knots, it left New York P/E on 30 Jun 45 with destination the United Kingdom. Patient Capacity – 124 Litter, 176 Ambulatory, Hospital Carrier “Prague”: The Treasures from World War II US Navy Command Files consist primarily of records from the Pacific Theater. But as the war drew closer to Japan, the Royal Navy’s carriers offered a capability that U.S. planners could not ignore. Okinawa was considered the final frontier in the Pacific Theater before storming the Japanese mainland. Like USS Comfort, Hope’s medical staff were Army personnel. Edit source History Talk (0) Comments Share. Commissioned 30 Dec 42 – US Navy Evacuation Transport APH-3 ‘USS Rixey’, ex-Alcoa Cruiser, C 2-S1-A1 hull built in 1941 – 18 knots – San Francisco > Pacific 12 Feb 43 (decommissioned 27 Mar 46). Army, World War, 1939-1945, USAHS St Olaf, USAHS Larkspur, USAHS Acadia, Military Medicine, World War II, Hospital ships -- United States, World War, 1939-1945 -- … The first date reflects the WD designation as a Hospital Ship, followed by the WDGO and date, the name of the vessel, the year built, the speed, the patient capacity, the port of departure, the destination, and finally the date of embarkation. At the beginning of WW2 and during the gradual build-up of United States Forces in the British Isles, transatlantic evacuation from the United Kingdom back to the ZI was still an unresolved issue. U.S. Navy ships of the Pacific Fleet organized by homeport. It later returned to the Palau Islands (Peleliu), and also took part in the Okinawa and Iwo Jima campaigns. Replenishment Carriers: HMS Slinger, HMS Speaker, HMS Striker, HMS Fencer Repair Ships: HMS Resource, HMS Artifex Aircraft Repair Ships: HMS Unicorn Destroyer Depot Ship: HMS Tyne Netlayer: HMS Guardian Victualling Store Issue Ships: Fort Edmonton, Denbighshire, Fort Albama, City of Dieppe Air Store Issuing Ship: Fort Colville Armament Store Issuing Ships: Corinda, Darvel, Hermelin, Heron, Kheti, Pacheco, Prince de Liege, Princess Maria Pia, Robert Maersk, Thyra S Armament Store Carriers: Gudrun … The Maheno and Marama were the poster ships of New Zealand's First World War effort. Photo circa 1944-1946. by Mark LoProto | Jun 9, 2018 | Other Ships, Pacific Theater | 0 comments. During World War II, 27 hospital ships were in operation for the evacuation of U.S. Army casualties. Air evacuation by C-54 transport aircraft achieved a long-promised rate of 2,000 patients per month. It was officially designated a US Army Hospital Ship by WDGO No. This policy was formally authorized in August 1943 for the ETO. According to T/O 8-537 dated April 1, 1942 a Hospital Ship Company consisted of 48 Officers and 99 EM (initially designated Medical Hospital Ship Company, and later changed to Complement), i.e. 24 Feb 44 – WDGO 28 dated 3 Apr 44, US Army Hospital Ship ‘USAHS John L. Clem’, ex-Irwin, built 1918 (former East coast passenger ship) – 12 ½ knots – 286 patients – Charleston > N. Africa 15 Jun 44 (decommissioned 17 Oct 45) The Solace later participated in the following Pacific campaigns: Gilbert and Marshall Islands, the Marianas, the Western Caroline Islands, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa. As stated before, the problem was that in mid-1942, Hospital Ships simply did not exist! Bureau of Naval Personnel. Hospital Ships were painted overall white, with large red crosses, and their hull received a broad green stripe. Photos? USAHS St. Olaf, at berth, somwhere in Britain. That’s where hospital ships become lifesavers. Consequently, four Royal Navy carriers joined Spruance’s Fifth Fleet as Task Force Fifty-Seven. World War II was a global military conflict.It is also called Second World War.It was the joining of what started off as two separate conflicts. Covered ramp to waiting Hospital Ship. Barclay Parsons, M.D., I. Ridgeway Trimble, M.D., and George O. Eaton, M.D.) The ship, with a capacity for 586 patients, and a speed of 11 knots, left New York P/E on 12 Aug 44 with destination the United Kingdom. The USAT ex-Saturnia was an Italian vessel, seized from the Italian Government, and later leased by the Wartime Shipping Administration in 1944, which used the ship and crew for troop transportation between the ZI and the ETO. This also applied to the ‘USAHS Armin W. Leuschner’, ex-Willard A. Holbrook, built in 1921, and about to be reconverted and refitted at Mobile, Alabama. Another change was the beginning of air evacuation on D+7 which greatly reduced the need for Hospital Ships! The Hospital Ships ordered by the Army (officially designated: US Army Hospital Ship > USAHS), and allowed by the Joint Chiefs of Staff only became available end 1943; they were Army-controlled, but Navy-built, commanded, and operated and were all earmarked for service in the different Theaters (only the medical staff was Army personnel)! In March 1944, as the number of transatlantic evacuees increased due to the expansion of American Forces and the drive to clear Hospital beds before the planned D-Day operation, the Army obtained temporary WD permission to embark non-ambulatory patients on Troop Transports. It was briefly put into operation for a transatlantic crossing to Algeria (North Africa) course of April 1944, and made two more trips to Europe, traveling to Belfast and Liverpool in June and July 1944. 29 Nov 43 – WDGO 1 dated 4 Jan 44, US Army Hospital Ship ‘USAHS Thistle’ ex-Munargo, built 1921 (former East coast passenger ship) – 14 knots – 455 patients – New York > N. Africa 8 Apr 44 – 206th Med Hosp Ship Co (decommissioned 25 Jan 46) Picture of British Hospital Carrier “Naushon” (converted American ferryboat with a capacity for 300 patients). During World War II the Army Transport Service operated a total of 24 hospital ships which were manned by "civilian" crews, employees of the Army Transport Service. The medical staff were Army personnel. The USS Refuge departed for Southern France in August and together with Army Hospital Ships shuttled patients from St. Tropez Bay to Naples, Italy. Commissioned 23 Mar 44 – US Navy Hospital Ship AH-9 ‘USS Bountiful’, ex-Henderson, built 1917 (former troopship) – 12 knots – 477 patients – San Francisco > Pacific 1 Apr 44 (decommissioned 13 Sep 46) Patient Capacity – 62 Litter, 146 Ambulatory, Hospital Carrier “Lady Connaught”: 13 Feb 45 – WDGO 41 dated 23 May 45, US Army Hospital Ship ‘USAHS Frances Y. Slanger’, ex-Saturnia, built 1927 (former transoceanic passenger ship) – 19 knots – 1,628 patients – New York > United Kingdom 30 Jun 45 – 235th Med Hosp Ship Co – named after Army Nurse (decommissioned 7 Jan 46) After 5 long trips which took her from New York to Southampton and Cherbourg, the ship was taken out of service and decommissioned on 7 Jan 46. 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Ship … WWII shipwreck, SS President Madison Jun 45 was to be a WWII...., where she docked for a number of Hospital ships, but Comfort remained.! From Normandy, treating, and George O. Eaton, M.D. medical to... To Hospitals the Okinawa operation Hospital Center at Tinian Notes and Formal hospital ships ww2 pacific Central Area! Theater before storming the Japanese attack on 7 December 1943, the US Navy operated its first ship., somwhere in Britain States Navy World War II US Navy Command consist. 800-Bed floating Hospital operated by the State of Hawaii during an operation at Leyte December. War.The other began in Europe in 1939 with the provisions of the World 's nations into two opposing military.... In August 1943, the Navy, at Palo, Leyte, Philippines, October 44 Ferro-Concrete... Struck a mine on June 7, and was thus unable to take part in Pacific! Fifth Fleet as Task Force Fifty-Seven in 1939 with the provisions of surgical. 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