Log in here. There were also multiple levels of government. At the local level, the governments varied by city and town. M.A. From the early 1600's into the early 1700's, many English immigrants left their homeland to explore an uncharted territory. Indians, foreign interlopers (the Dutch actually recaptured New York in 1673 and held it for more than a year), and the success of the colonists in evading taxes made the proprietor’s job a frustrating one. In return for an annual gift to the king of 40 beaver skins, the duke of York and his resident board of governors were given extraordinary discretion in the ruling of the colony. Williams’s views conflicted with those of the ruling hierarchy of Massachusetts in several important ways. Constant clashes, however, developed between the New Jersey and the New York proprietors over the precise nature of the New Jersey grant. The first “frame of government” proposed by Penn in 1682 provided for a council and an assembly, each to be elected by the freeholders of the colony. 5 states that Trump could flip red. They had a legislature with one house that was appointed by the governor and one that was elected by the people. Although life in Massachusetts was made difficult for those who dissented from the prevailing orthodoxy, it was marked by a feeling of attachment and community for those who lived within the enforced consensus of the society. In 1644 these three communities joined with a fourth in Portsmouth under one charter to become one colony called Providence Plantation in Narragansett Bay. Moreover, the economy did not live up to the expectations of the colony’s promoters. At the lowest level, New England government was centered around town governments. The Navigation Acts. The legal status of New Jersey became even more tangled when Berkeley sold his half interest in the colony to two Quakers, who in turn placed the management of the colony in the hands of three trustees, one of whom was Penn. Anne Hutchinson critiqued the politics of the colony. Moreover, Williams showed distinctly Separatist leanings, preaching that the Puritan church could not possibly achieve purity as long as it remained within the Church of England. Puritan New England: Massachusetts Bay. Moreover, it proved difficult to attract settlers to the Carolinas; it was not until 1718, after a series of violent Indian wars had subsided, that the population began to increase substantially. After 1660 the people of Plymouth gradually gained a greater voice in both their church and civic affairs, and by 1691, when Plymouth colony (also known as the Old Colony) was annexed to Massachusetts Bay, the Plymouth settlers had distinguished themselves by their quiet, orderly ways. These governments, early on, tended to be very closely tied to the Puritan church leadership. After numerous objections about the “oligarchic” nature of this form of government, Penn issued a second frame of government in 1682 and then a third in 1696, but even these did not wholly satisfy the residents of the colony. In 1729, primarily because of the proprietors’ inability to meet the pressing problems of defense, the Carolinas were converted into the two separate royal colonies of North and South Carolina. Although none of their principal economic pursuits—farming, fishing, and trading—promised them lavish wealth, the Pilgrims in America were, after only five years, self-sufficient. Choose from 500 different sets of new england colonies social political flashcards on Quizlet. Detail of a 17th-century map of New England with the Plymouth colony appearing opposite the tip of Cape Cod. October 29, 2020 by newenglandpolitics. 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